Geography of Hassan

Geography of Hassan

Hassan is one of the 30 districts of Karnataka, located in the South-Western part of the state. Approximately at around 194kms from the state capital Bangalore, this district achieved its epitome of glory during the reign of the Hoysalas. Their capital was at Dwarasamudra, the modern day Halebeed in Belur Taluk. The main city is also named Hassan and is the district head quarter.

Hassan district is exactly located between 12° 13´ and 13° 33´ North latitudes and 75° 33´ and 76°38´ East longitude. The longest part of Hassan district runs about 129 kms from south to north, and the widest part extends about 116 kms from east to west. Hassan district is divided into 8 taluks, 38 hoblies & 2369 villages, covering a total area of 6826.15 Sq. Kms.

Demography of Hassan

Demography of Hassan
The district is divided into 8 Taluks or blocks namely Alur, Hassan, Channarayapatna, Belur, Arkalgud, Holenarasipura, Arsikere, and Sakaleshpura. There are 258 numbers of Gram Panchayats and 2559 of Villages.

As per last official Census of 2011, the total population Hassan was around 17, 76,421, of which male and female were 883,667 and 892,754 respectively. The population growth rate has been calculated as 9.66%. There has been a change of 3.18% in the population growth as compared to population on 2001.

As per the provisional data released by Census India 2011, the population density of Hassan district is 261 people per sq. km.

Literacy Rate and Sex Ratio of Hassan

Census India 2011 establishes the average literacy rate of Hassan’s population at 76.07, compared to 68.63 of 2001. Gender wise, the male and female literacy rates are 83.64 and 68.60 respectively. Kannada is the most popular language in this district. As per the 2011 data, the Sex Ratio in Hassan stood at 1010 women per 1000 male as compared to 2001 Census figure of 1004. The Child Sex Ratio as per Census 2011 is 973. This is a significant improvement as compared to 958 of census 2001. Children under 0-6 years formed 9.32% of Hassan District as compared to 11.6% of 2001, as per the last census.

Topography of Hassan District

The district can be topographically divided partly in the southern tract and majorly as the "malnad" tract (hilly areas). Considering the general climate and rainfall patterns, the district has been divided into three regions:

(1) Southern Malnad: Western and North-Eastern parts of the Belur taluk, Western and Central parts of Alur taluk and the entire Sakaleshapura taluk.
(2) Semi-Malnad: The Central parts of the Arkalgud taluk, the Western portion of the Hassan taluk, the Eastern portion of the Alur taluk, the Central and Eastern parts of the Belur taluk and the Western parts of the Arasikere taluk.
(3) Southern Maidan: The entire Holenarasipura and Channarayapatna taluks, Arasikere and Hassan's taluk's eastern parts and the South-Eastern portions of the Arkalgud taluk. The southern malnad is a forest-clad hilly region with heavy rainfall.

Rivers of Hassan

Rivers in Hassan
Hemavathi is the main river flowing through the district. The river flows from the western ghats, while south eastern part is along the bed of river Kaveri. Hemavathi passes in a southerly direction through Holenarsipur Taluq and joins with the Kaveri river near Hampapura, situated at border of Hassan district.

Climate of Hassan

  • Summer Season: Relatively warm, with temperature varying between 33 degree Celsius to 18 degree Celsius
  • Monsoon Season: Rainfall is heavy in this region with an average downpour of approximately 700 mm.
  • Winter Season: Pleasant weather with temperatures ranging between 33°C max and 14°C min. The district emulates the typical tropical savannah climate and hence is mostly dry.
While it is advisable to wear light cotton apparels during summer to beat the repressive heat, winters are pleasantly manageable with some light woolens and pullovers, as Hassan does not experience severe cold.


Hassan and Belur respectively stand around 3,084 feet and 3,150 feet (960 m) above the sea level. The district is surrounded from north-west by Chikmagalur District, north by Chitradurga District, east by Tumkur District, south-east by Mandya District, south by Mysore, south-west by Kodagu District and west by Dakshina Kannada district.
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